The 1930s

This is a description of the 1930s



The school and school grounds were extended in 1930

Even before the building work had started, the council were working on buying more land to expand the school.   Courtesy of Hampshire Archives

Even before the building work had started, the council were working on buying more land to expand the school.

Courtesy of Hampshire Archives

Poster giving notice of the city's proposal to provide additional accommodation for about 170 children, Aug 1930   Courtesy of Hampshire Archives

Poster giving notice of the city's proposal to provide additional accommodation for about 170 children, Aug 1930

Courtesy of Hampshire Archives

Stanmore School, Stanmore Lane and Battery Hill, Winchester, June 1930

Stanmore School, Stanmore Lane and Battery Hill, Winchester, June 1930


Accounts of life at school

A Postcard For Stanmore Art and History Project by Laurence Dube-Rushby Commissioned by Winchester City Council 2014
A Postcard for Stanmore Art and History Project by Laurence Dube-Rushby Commissioned by Winchester City Council and Stanmore Community Association
A Postcard For Stanmore Art and History project By Laurence Dube-Rushby Commissioned by Winchester City Council and Stanmore Community Association Image curtsy of Hampshire Chronicle
A Postcard for Stanmore Art and History Project by Laurence Dube-Rushby Commissioned by Winchester City Council and Stanmore Community Association - Image curtsy of Hampshire Chronicle -

fullsizeoutput_1611.jpeg

Selected extracts from the Stanmore School Junior Department Log Book

1 March 1930

The measles epidemic has spread very rapidly this week. Large numbers of children are affected.  Average for week 186.5 Percentage 50.1

2 June 1931

The older children were taken to the Cathedral this morning to take part in an Empire Day Service, during the time set apart for religious education.

8 September 1931 

A letter has been received from the Director stating that the class which is housed in the hall, must leave the hall at 3.30pm each day, in order that the hall may be left free for the Senior department.  As no other room than the Baby-room is available for these children, the class will be very inconvenienced, so neither desk nor chairs in that room are suitable for them.  Average for the week 335.7

13 April 1932

A letter has been received from the Education Office giving instructions for the Juniors to be removed from the hall, into the Art Room in the Junior department is therefore to have the use of eight classrooms and the Art Room.

4 July 1932

The school was closed this afternoon for the funeral of Mr G.H. Barker, the Headmaster of the Senior School, who died suddenly in school on June 30th.

17 July 1936

Fifty children and eight teachers spent an enjoyable day in London – sightseeing from a bus, and a short visit to S Paul’s, Westminster and the Tower in the morning and a visit to the Zoological Gardens in the afternoon.


Selected extracts from the Stanmore School Senior Department Log Book

19 September 1930

Copy of Report by H.M.I. Mr J. G(?) Winn.  School inspected on 15thJuly 1930.  
The circumstances here are exceptional, and will not become normal for two to three years.  The numbers in this department are small, while the Junior School is overflowing. This inequality is largely due to the fact that the school serves a newly inhabited area in which the majority of children are still young. 

The Senior Department has not yet settled down.  It contains children who have come from several other schools at all ages, and stages of development.  As there are only 130 on books it has been difficult to classify them.  Seeing however, that there are a Head Master and five assistants for this small number, it should be possible to give plenty of “individual attention”.

There is a great difference here between the “quick movers” and the “slow movers”.  Some of the former do very good work, especially in English subjects, while the work of the more backward is very weak indeed.

The only subject taken outside the ordinary elementary school curriculum is Practical Science. So far it does not appear to have been taught very successfully. Too much has been attempted, and the children have no solid grounding in the elements.  Instruction, however, has been carried on under a sever handicap, as the so-called “Science Room” is much too small for practical work, and is constantly in use as an ordinary classroom.  The authority intend to build a larger room as part of the necessary extension of the premises.  Of the children who entered the school during the past year:-

13 were between 11 and 11 ½ years of age

8 were between 11 ½ and 12 years of age

11 were between 12 and 12 ½ years of age

Unless the average age of entry is reduced, it will be impossible to give a satisfactory course of “Advanced Instruction”.

23 October 1930 

Owing to Dental Inspection of Junior School, no Science taken, since there is no room into which to put class I.B.  It is impossible to successfully run a school under these conditions.

23 December 1931

On books 172 Av Attendance 147 85% School closed for Xmas vacation.  I have again made application for the use of the Assembly Hall, since there has been no corporate assembly of the Senior School for about 18 months.  The Headmaster is never able to meet the school as a whole, and as a consequence it consists of 5 separate units, with no feeling of corporate life.

30 June 1932 

Mr G.H. Barker, Headmaster, passed away at 3.(0)5 pm in the Staff Room.

4 July 1932

The school is closed this afternoon on account of Mr G.H. Barkers funeral.

30 September 1932 

On Books 194 Av Attendance 179.2 92.8 Appointment of Mr N Lovell confirmed by City Education Committee.  Appointed Headmaster as from September 1st1932.

6 January 1933 

No on roll 182 Average Attendance 145 Percentage 79.7  The average attendance being so low, is due to the prevalence of whooping cough and influenza

13 January 1933 

No on roll 180 Average Attendance 133 Percentage 73.8  The epidemic of influenza continues to be severe.  The attendance is gradually decreasing.

10 February 1933

Av Attendance 157 No on roll 178 Percentage 88.2%  The influenza epidemic has abated considerably as the percentage attendance shows, but there a still numbers of exclusions – contacts with cases of whooping cough, and influenza.

7 June 1934 

The Senior and Junior Schools Sports were held this afternoon in the Playing Field.  About six hundred parents and friends were present.  The weather was fine, and the sports were completed according to schedule. Among the visitors were the Mayor and Mayoress, Alderman and Mrs Symes, Councillor and Mrs Pinsent, C Cllr and Mrs Sankey, C Cllr and Mrs Bones, Concillors Perkins and Douglas, C Cllr Miss Firmstone, Mrs Munt, Mr J A Peart and Mr Woodiviss.

30 November 1934 

On roll 162 Av att 143 88.5% The average attendance has fallen considerably owing to many exclusions of contact with scarlet fever.  Many children have severe colds.

19 March 1935

Copy of HM Inspector’s Report. “Inspected on 5thNovember 1934 Report by HMI Mr J A B Newman

1. This is a small Senior mixed school of well under 200 children in inadequate premises.  There is no spare room of any kind and a class has to be taught in the Hall.

Like the other senior schools in the City it is “creamed” to an unusual extent by the Selective Central School and the Secondary Schools.  This circumstance is, however, compensated for by the scale of staffing which, owing to the small size of the school and the presence of facilities for Domestic Science and Manual Training, works out at a generous figure and results in small classes.

A satisfactory level of all-round attainment is reached.  The scholars tend, indeed, to be rather apathetic when questioned orally; but the staff are fully attuned(?) to this, and their own teaching as heard by the inspectors was stimulating enough.

2. Of the various school subjects, English and Arithmetic on the whole, and Science, Woodwork and Needlework are quite creditable; and Physical Training (including swimming) and Games are well taken.  Results in practical Arithmetic might be better.  In English the spelling is rather weak in the lower forms, and ‘B’ divisions but is being systematically dealt with, and considerable efforts are being made to train the children to read aloud well and distinctively.  Good work is also done in Gardening, of which the educational advantages for these boys are fully realised.

There are no special facilities for Practical Science, but the subject is presented in a very real and interesting way, and the enterprise shown by the teacher taking the subject deserves praise.  The young teacher of the lowest class is dealing carefully with some weak entrants.

3. Certain aspects of the work were discussed with the Head Master during the inspection.  His planning of the work is thoughtful though in some directions the heavy syllabuses, e.g. in Biology, leave inadequate time for necessary revision.

It only remains to add that he has been here now for two year and is managing the school well. The staff are co-operating loyally with him. Although these include no graduates they have shown a very praiseworthy willingness to attend educational courses and are collectively above average in teaching power.

26 January 1936

A service was held in the Hall by the Director of Education, and an address by the Rev Hall on the occasion of the funeral of His Late Majesty George V. From 9.30 until 12 school was closed, registers not being marked.  At 1pm both schools assembled in the Hall and listened to the radio service from Windsor. Mr Brace and five children of the top class attended a Memorial Service at the Cathedral.

19 November 1937 

On roll 195 Av Attendance 174 89%  Many children in second year A class excluded with sore throats or heavy colds.

Report by HMI Mr A B Adams - School Inspected on 27th and 28th September 1937  Senior Mixed Department

The opening sequence of the Report in 1934 referred to the inadequacy of the premises.  This does not approach to have received the attention of the Authority.  The premises are still more inadequate in as much as the number of children has increased.

The recognised accommodation consists of four classrooms i.e. 160 places, the number on books at the beginning of the school year was 246, the average attendance of the last school year 181.

There is no Science room, no Craft room, the Practical Instruction rooms are at present used as Centres and the Hall is permanently used for class teaching purposes.

The general condition of the premises and grounds (which are very well kept) reflect credit on upon the Authority, but it must be emphasised that the building, new and attractive as it is, falls far short of what is expected in a modern senior school. 

Organisation and curriculum

It must once more be repeated than in view of the special circumstances of Winchester reorganisation, this is not a normal Senior School.  As an illustration it can be pointed out that of 54 children leaving the Junior Department at the end of the last school year, twenty six went to the “selective” school, leaving only one third of the age group to proceed here. This is therefore a Senior School devoid of an “A’ stream, and part of the usual “B” stream too.

An intelligence test given by the Headmaster to his last entry shoes that 42 per cent had an IQ ranging from 70 to 90 – the 8 per cent of children with high IQs have been removed to the “selective’ school since the beginning of the school year.

The Head Master is much to be congratulated upon what he has achieved under the above conditions.  The spirit of the school is excellent, the children are responsive, have a good command of spoken English and reach a satisfactory level in simple Arithmatic.  They are being encouraged to read in a most sensible manner.

There is an excellent school garden, which includes bee-keeping, and the Master in charge of the Physical Training, is, in the absence of any available hall or gymnasium, doing well.

The Senior Mistress responsible for the general welfare of the girls is performing her task with great sense and ability.

The Head Master is not afraid to try experiments.  Both the cinema and the wireless are gradually being brought into the school scheme.

Such Experimental Science as is possible under the conditions is being taught in an ingenious way, and there have been a satisfactory number of educational excursions both in and out of school hours.

Some good needlework was seen, but the scheme is somewhat ambitious considering the difficult conditions in which the work is done.

The crowded classrooms where the lessons are taken do not allow of the freedom of movement which individual work demands; there are no facilities for cutting out and pressing, and there is only one sewing machine.

Of the 123 girls on the roll on the occasion of the inspection, 36 were not receiving instruction in Housecraft.  In fact the course for all girls is only about half of the normal, as the Housecraft room, which is part of the school building, is used as a Centre, and only available for the girls from this school for four half-days each week.  Thus the Head Master is not responsible for the instruction, there is no correlation with the other work in the curriculum, and the teacher plays no part in the general school activities.

It is suggested to the Authority that they should make the Practical Instruction rooms an integral part of this school, available only for the children attending this school.

As indicated above, they could be fully employed.

The Housecraft room is well equipped and in good order.

The teaching so far as it goes is sound, but the short half-day lessons and the restricted course tend to make the work rigid and somewhat artificial, and development towards home management is not possible.

23 January 1938

The Leavers Class attended the Odeon Theatre to see the film Victoria the Great in place of their usual History lesson.